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tv   Journal  PBS  August 19, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> welcome to the "journal." >> our top stories. the latest twist in the revolution. >> the tales are alive with the sound of music. the music industry in germany increases its sales. >> new zealand becomes the 14th country to egalize same-sex marriage after divisive national debate.
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>> there has been very much of a surprise development and keesha -- and asia where mubarak is being tried for the killing of protesters during the uprising. >> this is after the day that saw washington shift its tone, calling for it to be more inclusive. saying that banning people -- ending the muslim brotherhood would be a bad idea. >> this report on a crisis that has claimed more than 800 lives. >> on saturday, a confrontation played out here. now, the army is determined to prevent new practice in the mosque. >> no one will listen to the
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other side. no one cares about the other side and no one is taking into account of their opinions. no one is offering a solution. people have to listen to each other and take each other seriously. >> an attack early on monday highlights the lawlessness in the region. they ambushed and killed dozens of egyptian police. meanwhile, fresh killings have triggered outrage among islamists. supporters died while being transported. officials say the prisoners suffocated on tear gas fired after they took a guard hostage. the deaths were murder. the continuing violence is here that it could collapse into civil war. the exit egyptian president
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could soon walk free. they are said to drop one of the charges against him. many fear if he is dropped, and the flames will be enraged. >> response to england's violent crackdown. >> one option on the table is putting economic pressure on the government. saudi arabia has already pledged to fill any financial deaths left by a western countries. >> earlier we spoke to our correspondent and she told us more about possible action from the eu. >> foreign ministers will convene on wednesday to discuss several options that are on the table, most importantly a
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package in which the european union promised last year. that could be frozen. the economic leverage is limited in this case because much of the aid has already been stopped or frozen to some extent because of a lack of use. the eu is talking about various options. we will know more on wednesday. >> the white house, in other news, is moving into damage control mode in the latest turn in the edward snowden affair. >> british authorities are facing increasing pressure to explain why they use post 9/11 terrorist loss.
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>> he is a partner and the journalist exposing the widespread spying on millions of everyday people by american and reddish intelligence units. >> he finally arrived back in brazil after his ordeal. he was retained for nine hours. police seized his laptop and mobile phone. he reacted angrily to the behavior of the british. >> i would be much more aggressive. i will publish many things on britain as well. i have many documents on britain's spying system. now my focus will be that. they will regret what they have done. >> the brazilian foreign minister also condemned his detention under antiterrorism rules and said he would seek clarification from britain. >> we see the space on legislation that applies to
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terrorists as unjustifiable. >> he described this as an obvious attempt to report on spying activities. >> it is not just the brazilian government. germany's opposition parties are demanding more transparency and due process. >> members of parliament meant behind closed doors, questioning the top intelligence agents. they want to know how they aided programs directed at citizens. the nsa affair has been laid to rest. he has given the parliamentary intelligence committee written confirmation that it never broke german law. the nsa does get information
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from germany, collected by the intelligence agency. it gathers information in many parts of the world. >> the data is almost exclusively data on foreign activities. >> the opposition parties said that they have a duty to protect parties. the u.s. -- they want to know more about how the u.s. software works. >> we still do not know how it works. what privacy rights are being threatened? how much information is the u.s. collecting on german citizens? >> the government says it will continue to ask washington about what is going on and answer the concerns of the german public. the need to regain voters trust.
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>> inspectors have arrived to investigate claims that they have been used. >> they will spend the next two weeks gathering evidence but stopped short of determining who is responsible for any of the alleged attacks. >> earlier, we spoke with the head of the german section. he was in the northwest of syria and helped establish a clinic there. we asked him if he saw any evidence of the use of chemical weapons during his time there. >> we see shotgun wounds. we see a lot of chronic patients . we see hard and mothers. so far we have not seen any
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signs of chemical weapons. >> what about what your patients are treating? >> >> usually it comes with mass casualties and then you are overwhelmed for a a while with wounded people. but increasingly we see some of the chronic sick patients who have nowhere to go. they are really desperate and they die from normal diseases simply because they don't get their medication anymore in the country. that concerns us to a great degree. >> the clinic you have established was not cleared by the government, was it? >> at the moment, we do also support hospitals in the region.
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we have to work undercover. ambulance cars are destroyed. that is terrible because people have nowhere to go when they get injured or sick. >> we understand you're heading back to syria this week. which of you been told to prepare for? rex the biggest troubles are in syria itself. we are taking a look from a system of one of those angles. that is terrible and i will look at that. >> thank you so very much. coming up, will be taking a look at the severe flooding. >> first, a quick round up of other stories making news right now. at least 28 people have been
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killed in a train crash. they crashed into mostly hindu citizens. after the crash, angle he -- angry people beat up the driver. >> wildfires continue to burn out of control. more than 1000 firefighters are battling that blaze which has forced evacuation. >> the south african olympian will go on trial for the killing of his girlfriend. a court in pretoria has charged him with murder and illegal possession of ammunition. he says he did so by mistake. >> flooding continues to devastate the country's far eastern region. they were triggered by one month of heavy rains and water levels are still rising.
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>> thousands of volunteers are battling the what's. this is the worst inundation in that region in 120 years. it's also hit the major city. fear of a disease outbreak is blowing -- is growing. >> in some towns, they have contaminated read trash drinking water supplies. they promise to that help is on the way. it poured for weeks. the rivers have broken their banks and flooded several regions. more than 120 towns have been hit. the flooding worsened when they had to discharge water. the government in moscow has sent food supplies and emergency
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reinforcements. thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes and take refuge in emergency shelters. no one knows when they will be able to return home. >> india as seen some real economic trouble. their currency could be heading toward a full blown crisis. the outlook for the current year is not much better. india has tightened rules for consumption and and imports of coins and medallions. >> for many indians, gold is more than an investment. the yellow metal is synonymous with savings and security. lately, the rupee has suffered as a result of indians buying gold in dodgers -- in dollars. that is why the government has called on citizens to resist
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temptation to buy more gold. they have lost almost 13% of its value against the dollar. investors are nervous, but the world bank has warned against over reacting. they say india is not in danger of a full-blown crisis as an 1991. in a bid to narrow the deficit and stabilize the rupee, policymakers have raised short- term rates. >> bad weather and mechanical failures have played the challenger series. >> new zealanders were forced out when their hydraulic system failed.
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another race was called off because of some very strong winds. a few races are set to get underway shortly. still ahead, stay with us. when we come back, the campaign trail here in germany>> welcome.
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it is campaign season here in germany with lawmakers back from their summer holidays. >> candidates are traveling across the country to mobilize a meet and greet voters. medical parties are stepping up their campaign efforts. >> who want to look at people running the campaign. >> on the campaign trail. looking for reelection to germany's parliament, but also the christian democrat unions secretariat which makes them
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angela merkel's chief election campaign manager. >> it is essential we provide as many opportunities as possible for voters to listen to angela merkel. she is going to take part all over germany. >> they are exploiting matters. the chancellor has a wreck notation -- has a reputation for discussing and a language that is easy to understand. she avoids taking from positions that are hard to shift. >> you could describe her as the opinion chancellor. she pays attention and is sensitive to public opinion. if she did have a central message, which she doesn't, that would contradict her style of leadership in a big way. >> angela merkel likes to protect a fuel good -- a feel-
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good image. >> i think she is tough. she gets things done. i think she is great. >> if you compare germany with other countries, i think that is why her policies can be supported. during the euro crisis, the more unpopular she wasn't heavily indebted countries, the more popular she became at home. part of that success is due to cap next members who have taken care of difficult policy matters. with his decades of experience, the finance minister has been an anchor of stability in the eurozone debt crisis. the labor minister represents the modern wing.
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she appeals to many voters, especially the young and the modern. a key cabinet member, even if his star has waned after the drone program. the cabinet chief of staff, has taken fire over germany's involvement in mass data surveillance. but the popularity has hardly been dented by the scandals. that is unlikely to change. >> we will make sure that germany stays on course and that angela merkel remains chancellor. with that, back on the campaign trail hoping a little of her shine runs off on him. >> we are staying in germany with our next report. there are some sweet sounds.
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a 1.5% increase in turnover. >> music downloads are gaining in popularity, some music lovers like things the old way. >> vinyl is making a comeback in germany. record sales have risen by over 30% in the past six months. for some fans, it is different than downloading. it is like making a trip into the past. >> i have something in my hand. i can look at it to see what people were thinking back then. there is usually nice notes and pictures. more than just pressing play. >> vinyl is likely to remain a niche market, making up only two percent of music sales these days. physical album sales dominate
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the market here in germany. most of those are cds. sales are falling, but they still account for two thirds of what sold. digital sales make up the rest. german music lovers are weight and height americans when it comes to buying online tunes. the industry believes they will catch up soon. >> let's make a check of what is on traders minds. the trading floor at the frankfurt stock exchange. at the beginning of august, the economics minister visited the frankfurt stock exchange trading floor. he was here with the ceo. now the traders know what they had to talk about. according to reports, he wants to rejuvenate the idea of what was started in the late 90s.
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this was put to rest in the year 2003 2 years ago. it was supposed to provide young startup firms with enough investment capital at the stock market. there was euphoria and then the bubble burst. lots of people lost lots of money. that is why traders here are not enthusiastic about restarting an experiment. it costs a lot of confidence. they don't want to see that again. >> let's have a look at the numbers in detail. the dax is slightly down. your stocks were one percent lower. the dow jones was down zero point three percent. back to the political upheaval in egypt now, one of the stories that is receiving little attention.
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it is the deepening persecution of the christian minority. dozens of religious houses have been burned to the ground and many christians have been killed by armed islamists. >> the patriarch is calling, but many christians are leaving the country as more of them are targeted the extremists. >> an egyptian christian shows reporters where islamists murdered his uncle. he says his uncle was trying to put his car in the garage and then flee to safety inside. >> he tried to close this side of the door. and then he looked back and was hit in the face. this is his blood here. neighbors have gathered to mourn him.
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>> we are at constant risk. they will come back. they threaten all christians. they terrorize our neighborhood and the whole country. >> two brothers survived the attack, despite two stab wounds. he says islamists came here to kill him. >> to hit me in the head with sticks. a lot of men hit me in the head. the cops show us the cars and then suddenly a muslim neighbor shows up. he is unhappy that the christians are talking to journalists. >> we leave to avoid stirring up more violence here. >> attacks are documented. he says radical islamists are trying to destroy christian livelihoods. >> we have around 58, 85 stores.
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the most famous. >> after the military destroyed camps in cairo, at least 61 churches were attacked. many blame islamists for the attacks. now islamists accuse christians of protesting en masse before the coup. a church service in cairo, christians here are serious over the response to violence. they accused the west of welling on army violence and ignoring islamist violence. >> i would think the christians would have supported the truth. the truth is -- >> christian said they were
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persecuted during mohamed morsi's time in power. >> we will turn to new zealand because it has become the first country in the region to legalize same-sex marriage. >> a combination of a bitter and drawnout debates. same-sex marriage is now legal in 14 countries around the world. >> here comes the bride. and the other one to -- the other one, too. they were among the first to tie the knot. for gay rights activists, this marks a combination of years of campaigning. >> it is an amazing day to be here and to celebrate. their love for one another and the commitment they have and the institution of marriage. >> recognizing same-sex marriages another notch in new
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zealand's liberal record. they were the first to give women the vote. many of the churches and conservatives are unhappy. >> we are seeing a cultural change that new zealanders did not support. >> it was a day of celebration. >> these australians joined in the fun and got married, too. although that will not be recognized back home, the cake still tastes sweet. >> that is all we have time for right now. you can find out more on our website and listen to reports. >> thank you for joining us. we will have another life update at the top of the hour. see you then.
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